Multi-Modal Biometric Recognition System: Fusion of Face and Iris Features using Local Gabor Patterns

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Deepak Sharma
Ashok Kumar


Biometrics, described as the science of recognizing an individual based on her physiological or behavioral traits, is beginning to gain
acceptance as a legitimate method for determining an individual’s identity. Multimodal biometric system utilizes two or more individual
modalities, e.g., face, gait, iris and fingerprint, to improve the recognition accuracy of conventional unimodal methods. Multimodal biometric
systems overcome problems such as noisy sensor data, non-universality or lack of distinctiveness of the biometric trait, unacceptable error rates,
and spoof attacks by consolidating the evidence obtained from different sources. In this paper, we have developed an efficient technique for
multimodal biometric recognition using the face and iris images. In our proposed technique, features from face and the iris images are extracted
and the features from both the modalities are concatenated to form a combined feature vector, which also contains the number of irrelevant
pixels in the iris image. The extraction process is done utilizing both the local Gabor patterns and the LBP to form LGXP (Local Gabor XOR
Patterns). For recognition, the combined feature vector of a face and iris image are extracted and is compared with the database. The average
matching score is calculated, which is based on the distance measure and also on the given weightage based on the irrelevant pixels. Based on
the average matching value, the decision is to be made whether the test image is recognized or not. For experimental evaluation, we have used
the face and iris image databases and the results clearly demonstrated that the proposed technique provided better accuracy in biometric


Keywords:- Biometrics, Multi-modal biometrics, Face Recognition, iris recognition, Gabor feature, LBP operator (Local Binary Pattern), Local
Gabor XOR Patterns.


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