Simulation and Analysis of Routing protocols in VANET using NS2 Simulator

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Priyanka Goyal
Anish Soni


Vehicular Adhoc Network (VANET) is the emerging technology which enables the vehicles to communicate using wireless technologies. VANET is developed for providing the safety purpose and driving comfort to the people. VANET use the vehicle as moving nodes as in MANET (Mobile Adhoc Network). The communication among vehicles is done by using the efficient routing protocols which direct the routes. This communication can be direct within the vehicles or it can be between vehicles and road side units (RSUs). In this paper we exploit three routing protocols of VANET which are GPSR, DSDV and BMFR by comparing their three parameters throughput, end to end delay and number of packets dropped during communication. As we study out of this three protocols BMFR and GPSR are position based routing protocol and DSDV is topology based routing. In this paper we also simulate these protocols using NS2 simulator and using the standard protocol i.e. IEEE 802.11 p in Vehicular Adhoc Network.


Keywords:- Vehicular Adhoc Network (VANET), Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC), Wireless Access in Vehicular Environment (WAVE), Mobile Adhoc Network (MANET), Road Side Units (RSUs).


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