Optimizing Edge Computing through Virtualization: A Comprehensive Review

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Nisha Saini Nisha Saini
Jitender Kumar


The adoption of virtualization in edge computing promotes the use of numerous applications and operating systems on a single physical server. The technological environment is increasingly efficient, economical, and hassle-free by virtue of this technology. This study explores the potential of virtualization in edge computing environments by creating virtual versions of physical resources and services. The primary objective of this study is to reduce hardware and operational expenses by consolidating multiple systems into one physical system. Various deployment strategies for virtual machines on edge nodes, including containers, hypervisors, and virtual machines, are discussed. The article also delves into a virtualization-based framework to address challenges in edge computing. Additionally, through historical research on virtualization techniques, this article provides insights into the benefits and limitations of virtualization in edge computing. Moreover, the integration of virtualization and edge computing is examined, highlighting open challenges that need to be addressed for optimal utilization of virtualization in edge computing environments. The findings contribute to a deeper understanding of the possibilities and challenges associated with virtualization in edge computing environments, laying the foundation for further research in this field.


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