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Ahmed Ali Saihood
Zainab Saihib Taqi


The mobility, energy efficiency and reduction of delay in wireless sensor network (WSN) is most challenges that researchers working on it for more optimizations. The wale optimization algorithm is used in this paper after some modification in some steps to balance between the exploitation and exploration, we enhanced WOA for energy efficient and delay aware with respect to mobility of nodes out of clusters. The performance is evaluated by packet delivery ratio, delay, energy consumption, and throughput with considering the mobility of each node to be selected as cluster head. The proposed mechanism is compared with Hybrid FOA-WOA algorithm, we got good results in term of energy consumption, delay and throughput.


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