Main Article Content

Ogunlere Samson
Somefun Olawale
Afonne Emmanuel


This paper proposes an optimization-based Residential Energy Management System (REMS) to minimize not only the customer's energy cost but also customer dissatisfaction with the Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN).  REMS is designed in such a way that when there is a person in a particular room, electrical power is supplied to that room from its main source, and once the person leaves and the room, the power supply is cut off, shutting off all appliances and devices in that room. This is achieved by the usage of a passive infrared sensor (PIR) to detect motion and an ArduinoMicrocontrollerATMEGA-328Pto process input data from the PIR sensors to determine if electrical power is needed in a room or not.  A Microcontroller PIC16F877A is also used to carry out all processing activities whose result would be effected through the aid of five output devices with a Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) used to display the PIR and the microprocessor status. The current state of the prototype design is described and a brief introduction to the control approach is made.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details



Azhar Fakharuddin, Ahmad N. Abdalla, Muhammad Rauf, Nik Mohd Kamil. (2012). A Smart energy management system for controlling and monitoring time of power consumption. Scientific Research and Essays, vol 7, pp. 1000-1011.

Bojanczyk, K. (2013). Home Management Systems: vendors, technologies 2013-2017. Retrieved from Greentech media: hhtp://

Bojanczyk, K. (2013). Redefining home energy management system. Retrieved from Greentech media: http://www.greentechmedia.cim/articles/read/home-energy-management-systemsredefined

Bryan Glass, Ben Brannon, Katie Gratham, Staurt Baur. (2010). Expanding Horizons with Chameleon: Team Missouri's Innovative Home automation system. Energies ISSN 1996-1073, 1142-1153.

Callaghan, P. (1992). Energy Management: A comprehensive guide to reducing costs by efficient energy use . London: McGraw Hill.

Cape hart, Turner and Kennedy. (1997). Guide to Energy management 2nd Edition. Fairmont Press Inc.

Erol-Kantarci and H. T. Mouftah, (2011), Wireless Sensor Networks for Cost-Efficient Residential Energy Management in the Smart Grid, IEEE ... 2.

Janelle LaMarche, Katherine Cheney, Sheila Christian, Kurt Roth. (n.d.). Home Energy Management Products and Trends. Cambridge MA, USA: Fraunhofer.

Kaur Harpreet & Kamal deep Kaur,. (2012). An effective way of energy utilization. Energy conservation, vol 2, issue 5.

Kim, J. (2016). Home Energy Management System (Base on the IoT Smart Home). Contemporary Engineering Sciences, vol 9, no 1, pp. 21-28.

NEEP. (2015). Opportunities for Home Energy Management System (HEMS) in advancing residential energy efficiency program. NEEP.

Report, M. R. (2012). Industrial Energy Management. Rockwell Automation.

Roth K. and J. Brodrick. (n.d.). Home Energy Displays. ASHRAE Journal, Vol 50, no 7, pp. 136-137.

Strother & Lockhart, (2013), Category and functionality of Smart Home Technology for Energy Saving.

Thayer, D. (2015). Characterization and potential of home energy management technology. Pacific Gas and Electric company.