JPEG Coding System Based on Mean Value Predictive Vector Quantization

K. Arun Kumar, T.Prabhakara Rao


Image compression is a basic need for the progressive transmission or storage of image data via any media. For the effective processing of image data the coding standards were developed. The most commonly used standard in current scenario is the JPEG and JPEG-2000 coding. These standards have become the industry standards and are progressively been in use for almost all image processing applications. In the process of image coding various sub-processing operations occur which process the image blocks by transformation, quantization and encoding before transmitting or storing. In the process, quantization is observed to be a time consuming and is needed to be processed in high precision so as to achieve less processing error and also in reasonable time. The process of quantization has shown greater efficiency in vector quantization than earlier methods. Vector quantization is observed to be an efficient block based lossy compression technique. Due to simpler coding process and high compression ratio VQ are widely used. Predictive vector Quantization (PVQ) is commonly used memory based vector Quantization method. The main drawback with PVQ is the high computational complexity which limits PVQ to use in real time applications. Shorter coding time can be archived by reducing the number of code words or instructions, but the reconstructed image quality will degraded in the case of fewer code words. Hence, it is necessary to propose fast coding algorithms for PVQ. In this paper a modified version of the PVQ approach has been suggested in order to process faster, which ensue to be a compatible mechanism for real time image coding in JPEG based coding system.


Keywords: Compression, quantization, PVQ encoder, mean-square-error, Discrete Cosine Transform.

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