PIL-LEACH model for Increasing Energy Efficiency in Wireless Sensor Network

Ram charan Ponnada

Abstract


Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) play a vital role in the modern arena. WSN is deployed in the various vital areas such as military operations, health care, surveillance, home application and environmental applications. WSN mainly works on battery power, whose capacity is limited. Energy efficiency is one of the main issues in wireless sensor networks. Various routing techniques are developed to achieve maximum reliability, network lifetime and scalability. Leach is one of the clustering convention used in wireless sensor networks. Even, after its existence of more than 17 years, Leach protocol grabs attention and interest of research community. Our research area is confined to power management. This paper proposes a technique called as Improved Lifetime - Leach with Particle Swarm Optimization (PIL-LEACH) to smoothen the associated information transmission inside the group and, to control the problems such as correlated data, cluster head selection and large distance transmission of the packet in Leach. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm selects the cluster head based on various parameters of sensor nodes such as residual energy, distance from base sink etc. This approach admits that we know the area of the sensor hubs. It uses the two-tier architecture of clusters heads which are far away from the sink in order to mitigate the energy losses.

Keywords


Pil-Leach; PSO; Particle Swarm Optimization; Leach; Energy efficiency; Wireless Sensor Networks

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26483/ijarcs.v9i2.5755

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