Ningombam Jimson, K Hemachandran


Digital watermarking is a process in which a piece of information is embedded into a digital data. In this article we review the digital watermarking scheme of image which uses DFT to embed the watermark. Digital watermarking using DFT has attracted researchers due to the fact that watermark using DFT are RST invariant compared to other scheme using other transform such as DCT or DWT. In the presented article we tried to cover all the aspect of digital watermarking particularly on DFT based scheme. We also gave some terminology used in the digital image watermarking and attacks involved.


Digital image watermarking, Discrete Fourier transform (DFT), Discrete Cosine transform (DCT), Discrete Wavelet transform (DWT), RST (Rotation Scale, Translation) invariant.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26483/ijarcs.v9i2.5747


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