Usage of virtualization in cloud computing is acquiring more significance because of the lack of appropriate usage of resources, inappropriate load balancing of executing nodes, level of fault tolerance in VMs for increasing the nodes portability and to increase the physical server cost effectively. Therefore, migration is considered as one of the significant features of VM technology. VMM is the migration of VM from single host to other. It is generally executed by post-copy and pre-copy migration. This paper dealt with the reviewing the concept of virtualization following its types. There are different VMM techniques that are also discussed with its comparison. There are challenges, like low bandwidth, fault network, the memory state among clusters. For the enhancement purpose, different optimization as well as classification algorithms has been discussed. Number of authors has worked in the field of virtualization in cloud computing. Few of that are given in the review.


cloud computing; virtualization; virtual machine migration; service models

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