Principles and Concepts of Wireless Sensor Network and Ant Colony Optimization: A Review

Renu Jangra, Dr. Ramesh Kait


Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a suitable technology that joins the sensing; processing; and wireless multi-hop networking. The given paper provides an extensive evaluation about WSN concepts including basic of WSN, architecture of sensor node and architecture of communication protocol in WSN. Furthermore, characteristics, challenges, designing issues, applications, security issues, routing protocol of wireless sensor network are given. Also, the concept of Ant colony optimization (ACO) with its basic principle, pseudo code and flowchart are explained. The entire features create the paper helpful for wide selection of potential readers, research workers in WSNs, students doing research work in WSNs and WSN application designers.


Wireless Sensor Network; Ant Colony Optimization; Routing Protocol

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