Optical Watermark Based On Digital Printing

Pise Anil Audumbar, Gupta Hitesh, Chabukswar Hrishikesh


This paper describes a novel visual information concealment technique, referred to as optical watermarking, for the authentication of
original printed documents. An optical watermark is a two-dimensional binary image. It can be of any shape and can be printed on any part of a
document. The hidden information is embedded using phase modulation. Based on properties of the human visual system and modulation
principle, the hidden information becomes visible to the human eyes only when a right “key” is positioned on top of the optical watermark with
the right alignment. Here, “keys” play the similar role as keys in encryption, that is, to decode hidden information. Thus, with such a “lock and
key” approach, it greatly improves the security level of the optical watermark. Due to its high security and tight link with electronic document
systems, which requires documents to be finally printed on paper, the optical watermark has been applied to various electronic document
systems. These are online ticketing, online bill of lading, and remote signing and printing of documents, where critical and unique information
are embedded in watermarks and printed together with individual documents for future authentication. It has also been used in offline and
traditional anti forgery applications, such as brand protection, preprinted high-value tickets, and identification documents.

Keywords: Coordinate Mapping, Secret Sharing, optical watermarking and data hiding/embedding.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26483/ijarcs.v4i4.1646


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