Credit Card Fraud Detection Using Hidden Markov Model

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Shailesh S. Dhok
Dr. G. R. Bamnote


Due to a rapid advancement in the electronic commerce technology, the use of credit cards has dramatically increased. As credit card becomes the most popular mode of payment for both online as well as regular purchase, it provides cashless shopping. It will be the most convenient way to do online shopping, paying bills etc. Hence, risks of fraud transaction using credit card has also been increasing. In the existing credit card fraud detection system, fraudulent transaction will be detected after transaction is done. It is difficult to find out fraudulent and regarding loses will be barred by issuing authorities. In this paper, we model the sequence of operations in credit card transaction processing using a Hidden Markov Model (HMM) and show how it can be used for the detection of frauds. An HMM is initially trained with the normal behaviour of a cardholder. If an incoming credit card transaction is not accepted by the trained HMM with sufficiently high probability, it is considered to be fraudulent. Hidden Markov Model helps to obtain a high fraud coverage combined with a low false alarm rate.


Keywords: Internet, online shopping, credit card, e-commerce security, fraud detection, Hidden Markov Model.


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